by Pinghuizi G
This paper focuses on some factors that potentially affect friendship-related happiness in relocated adolescents. In our global culture more and more adolescents are reluctantly being moved to other locations, and a growing number of scholars accordingly identify factors such as the number of moves, the cumulative influence from prior moving experiences and good qualities of characteristics to explain the reason of why relocation bothers adolescents and how relocation exacerbates difficulties in making friends in adolescence and resulting levels of happiness. However, several potential factors may be overlooked. In this paper I synthesize quantitative analyses that are resulted from some scholars’ studies to explore the potential factors, in terms of levels of happiness of relocated adolescents in association with their sense of intimacy in dimensions of individual, family, context and friendship. I argue that relocated adolescents diminishes levels of happiness due to the lack of friendship intimacy and bonding with peers in comparison with the non-mobile adolescents. In response to this comparison, researchers find that the majority of relocated adolescents are unhappy with the shift in living conditions and the change in lower access to friendship bonding. In examining the effect of relocation-influenced friendship pattern on happiness, I ignore the role of relocation and argue that individual personality and characteristics, cultural background and parental influence and support may act as factors potentially contribute to difficulties in friendship formation and resulting levels of happiness for relocated adolescents.
Personality is acknowledged as a key role in influencing levels of happiness. In exploring the relationship between personality traits and happiness, extraversion and neuroticism significantly determines happiness and loneliness in adolescence. Helen Cheng and Adrian Furnham experiment with ninety adolescents from UK (49 males and 41 females) by providing questionnaires of self-rated happiness (OHI), self-rated loneliness (UCLA), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire: personality traits (EPQ), Personal Evaluation Inventory: self-confidence (PEI) and the lists in number of friends to examine the association of happiness with certain personality traits and components that causes people to be happy (330). They find that extraversion act as the predictor of happiness, and happiness has more positive correlations with positive affects, particularly affects like adequate self-confidence and higher number of friends measured by PEI and self-listed friendship (Cheng and Furnham, 335-337). Perhaps, the reason of why extraverted people tends to be happier may due to the strong ability to satisfy their belongingness needs in contacting peers and making friends. Extraverted people are more talkative and social; they enjoy interactions with people. Comparatively, they hold strong social skills in dealing with conflicts in interpersonal interactions and hold good personal adjustment such as higher self-confident level.
Cheng, Helen., and Adrian Furnham. ” Personality, Peer relations, and Self-confidence as Predictors of Happiness and Loneliness.” Journal of Adolescence 25 (2002): 327-339. Web. 18 July 2014.